Turkish, Pakistani and Bangladeshi Cultural Similarities

Turkish, Pakistani and Bangladeshi Cultural Similarities
  • Son Güncellenme: 07/09/2021

Turkey, Bangladesh and Pakistan have so much in common in terms of culture. In this article, we will examine the political, religious and cultural roots of these similarities.

First of all, the flags of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Turkey look similar to each other. It is believed that one of the reasons for these similarities is Islam. The crescent and the green color are considered Islamic figures and common in both of the flags because religion is another similarity between Turkey, Bangladesh and Pakistan. In Pakistan, 96,5% of people are Muslim. Also in Turkey 90% of people are Muslim. Similarly, in Bangladesh 90% of people are Muslim.As a result, Turkey, Bangladesh, and Pakistan have a common Islamic culture.

This Islamic culture shows itself in the similarity between Turkish, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi spoken languages. Muslim writers contributed Turkish words to the Bengali. In Pakistan, the spoken language, Urdu, is a mixture of Hindi and Turkish but written in the Arabic alphabet.

There is a political root of the similarities between Turkey and Pakistan. Pakistani people deemed the Ottoman Sultans as their ‘’Caliph’.’ Pakistani people adore Atatürk, just like Turkish people. They even give Atatürk’s name to some of their streets. Similarly, Turkey gave the name of ‘’Cinnah’’ to a street in Ankara. Pakistani people respect the Turks’ struggle in the Independence War. Pakistan’s role model was Turkey as a modern country with Muslim people during its establishment process. Turkey recognized Pakistani quickly after its establishment. From that time on, Turkey and Pakistan became brothers.

Similarly, relations between Turkish and Bengali nations have strong historical and cultural roots. Dating back before the foundation of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Bengali people were among the South Asia Muslims supporting the Turkish Independence War. The epic poem “Kamal Pasha” written in 1921 by the national poet of Bangladesh Kazi Nazrul Islam and has been on the curriculum in Bangladesh schools, is the mark of Bengali people’s deep respect and admiration for Atatürk, the founder of Turkey. Besides, the name “Mustafa Kemal Atatürk” is still alive in some of the places in Bangladesh. For instance, one major avenue in Dhaka and another one in Chittagong have been named “Kemal Atatürk Avenue”. Furthermore, a high school in Dagan Bhuiyan, in Feni and a Turkish language center in Dhaka Cantonment were named “Atatürk Model High School” and “Mustafa Kemal Turkish Language Center”. In return, the support of the Bengal people during the Turkish Independence War still keeps its place in the hearts of Turkish people with gratefulness. One can say that Turkey has affected Bangladesh’s literature.

Other similarities between Turkey, Pakistan and Bangladesh are; arable lands and strategic position in terms of international trade routes. Pakistan’s and Bangladesh’s main source of livelihood is agriculture and textiles. The main crops obtained from the agricultural sector in Pakistan are wheat, rice, cotton, vegetables and fruits and sugar beets which are also raised in Turkey. This shows the climate similarity between these country and as the climate affects the people’s characters then one can say there would be a similarity between Turkish, Pakistani and Bangladeshi people’s temperament. Not surprisingly, Turks, Pakistani and Bangladeshi people are defined as hospitable, convertible and generous.

In Bangladesh, textile products have a huge portion of the country’s exports. Animal husbandry is also one of the important livelihoods for Pakistan, Bangladesh and Turkey. Carpet and rug weaving and leather processing are common concerning animal husbandry, and hand-line fishing has also developed in coastal areas. The textile sector, in parallel with cotton production, is one of the lifeblood of the countries’ economy and is the main item.

Pakistan is in a position to be considered rich in natural resources. Apart from natural gas reserves spread over a wide area, there is a small amount of oil in the country, although low-quality energy mines such as coal, iron, copper, salt and limestone. Turkey also has coal, iron, copper and salt. As a result, one can observe lots of Pakistani Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering students in Turkey. The main reason is taking the advantage of common cultural know-how. As the students know that Turkey is more experienced in the field than their country-of-born so they plan to use this education in their country. By staying for a long time in Turkey, Pakistan students learn better the Turkish culture and they spread It when they return to their country.

Pakistani people watch a lot of Turkish TV series such as; Aşk-ı Memnu (Isqk e Mamnoon), Muhteşem Yüzyıl (Mera Sultan), Adını Feriha Koydum (Fareeha), Diriliş Ertugrul (Ertugrul’s Resurrection), Kara Para Aşk (Kala Pesa Pyaar), Fatmagül’ün Suçu Ne? (Fatıma Gul) and Kuzey Guney. Muhteşem Yüzyıl, Diriliş Ertuğrul and Aşk-I Memnu are also among the popular Turkish TV series in Bangladesh as well. As a result, Pakistani people observe Turkish culture closely via these  TV series.

Another thing in common between Turkish, Pakistani and Bangladeshi cultures is eating habits. Turks, Bangladeshis and Pakistanis love to add meat to so many dishes. When it comes to meat, both in Turkey and Pakistan, halal meat is very important. On the other hand, the Turkish and Bangladeshi cuisines have common meals such as Dhaka kebab and Bakar Khani. Dhaka Kebab It is made of chunks of meat skewered on an iron spike and cooked well in charcoal fire. It is like the donar kebab made in Turkey. Bakar Khani is dry flat bread baked in tandoor or charcoal peat, which is called “pide ekmek” (pita bread) in Turkish.

All of these similarities between Turkish, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi cultures make it easy to adapt to each other’s country.



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